Long-term investments in children and families have been the cornerstone of the state’s prosperity. To preserve these investments and support long term economic health, a balanced approach to the upcoming biennial budget must include new resources.
The report finds three challenges with the current revenue system:
Income tax collections on corporate profits in Connecticut have dropped from 13.2 percent of general fund revenues in 1991 to less than 4 percent of overall tax collections in 2015, mainly because of the growth of business tax credits and tax avoidance.
Sales tax revenue decreased from nearly a third (31.9 percent) of total general fund revenue to a quarter (25.2 percent) in 2015 as a result of a failure to keep laws up to date with an economy that consumes far more services than it did 40 years ago.
The overall state and local tax yields an effective tax rate that is higher for low-income than for wealthy taxpayers - increasing wealth disparity in a state already ranked third in terms of income and wealth inequality.
This report offers a set of revenue options for both the Governor and the Legislature to balance the budget with increased revenue, new strategic investments, and smaller budget cuts, and position the state for a more prosperous future. The report focuses on several possible options to modernize Connecticut’s tax system, either by expanding its base or by closing business tax breaks.
|Apply sales tax to services||$730 million to $1.5 billion|
|Collect a larger share of taxes due on internet sales||$65 to $75 million|
|Apply the sales tax to digital downloads||$7 to $11 million|
|Increase personal income tax by a half a percentage point for top earners||$217.3 million|
|Higher rates on dividends and capital gains||$141.8 million|
|Repatriation of deferred management fees||To be determined|
|Join a regional compact to close the carried interest loophole||$535 million|
|Improve enforcement of existing tax laws||$40 million|
|Adopt throwback rule to eliminate "nowhere income"||$12 to $25 million|
|Eliminate the corporate income tax capital base system and replace with a value-added tax as an alternative minimum tax||To be determined|
|Renew efforts to regularly review business tax breaks||To be determined|
|Enact sweetened beverage tax||$85 to $141 million|
|Institute a low-wage employer fee||$305 million|
- Issue Area:
- Budget and Tax