What the Data Show: Health and Human Services Spending Fairly Constant
Children's Health and Human Services includes departments such as the Department of Children and Families, as well as major programs such as TANF and Medicaid. Over the past two decades, health and human services has held fairly constant as a share of the General Fund. It increased significantly as the Great Recession intensified and more Connecticut residents needed assistance but declined as the economic recovery took hold. Within health and human services, TANF has declined precipitiously, while Medicaid has grown modestly and DCF grew substantially before falling the past several years.
What the Data Mean
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Starting FY 1994 onward, all funding for the Board and Care for Children line item was divided into 3 distinct subprograms (Adoption, Foster, and Residential).
Medicaid figures are based on the historical approximation that 25% of Medicaid funding benefits children and families. From 2012 onward, we estimate that the proportion of Medicaid spent on children and families decreased slightly due to increased enrollment of childless adults under the Affordable Care Act.
Jobs First (part of Dept. of Labor) replaced Job Connection (part of Dept. of Social Services) starting in FY 2000. In FY 1999, funding was consolidated in an interim program called One-Stop Employment Services in Dept. of Labor.
TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) replaced AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) starting in FY 1998. TANF/CCDBG is a related childcare program that also began in FY 1998.
SJTPAA (State Job Training Partnership Act Administration) amounts listed (up until FY 2001) are the totals from All Funds, not just the General Fund. SJTPAA is the only program in the Children's Budget for which we counted the All Funds amount.
WIA (Workforce Investment Act) replaced SJTPAA starting in FY 2001.